Capricorn Horoscope Today: August 18, 2022 – VOGUE India

Some people are the human equivalent of drama. But, we’re not telling you something you don’t already know! This chapter of your life is about moving into a space of clarity about the connections that are supportive of your growth and the ones that are merely depleting your reserves. Don’t let the fear of isolation become the reason you hold onto something or someone that’s stifling you. There are better things coming your way, Capricorn. So, allow yourself to create space for that which uplifts your soul.

Cosmic tip: How and where do you need to let go?

CCTV footage shows man shooting Bihar girl, cops suspect ‘love affair fallout’ – Hindustan Times

Published on Aug 18, 2022 11:03 AM IST
  • The entire incident took place during the day, next to a busy road. Several pedestrians and two-wheel riders can be spotted in the video.
A CCTV footage of the shooting incident has also surfaced.(ANI)

In a shocking incident, the daughter of a vegetable vendor was shot in the neck on Wednesday in Patna near a busy road. The attack took place at the Indrapuri area. The girl is said to be critical and undergoing treatment in a private hospital. Cops suspect that the attack was a fallout of a love affair, news agency ANI reported.

A CCTV footage of the shooting incident has also surfaced in which the accused, wearing a mask and a cap, can be seen coming towards the girl. He is also carrying a bag in his hands. Seconds later, the girl enters the frame in a pink attire. Moments after the girl crosses the man, he takes out a gun and shoots her. The girl immediately collapses on the ground and the accused flees from the spot.

The entire incident took place during the day, next to a busy road. Several pedestrians and two-wheel riders can be spotted in the video. After the video surfaced on social media, several Twitter users expressed shock at the incident and blamed politicians across parties for the “poor law and order situation’ and “jungle raj” in Bihar. More details on the medical condition of the victim and the arrest of the accused are still awaited.

The state saw Nitish Kumar taking oath as chief minister for the eighth time last week along with new deputy – the RJD’s Tejashwi Yadav. A new cabinet was sworn in this week of 31 ministers. The BJP has in the past taken swipes at the RJD over the state’s law and order state.


    Follow the latest breaking news and developments from India and around the world with Hindustan Times’ newsdesk. From politics and policies to the economy and the environment, from local issues to national events and global affairs, we’ve got you covered.


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  • Chhattisgarh: BJP appoints MLA Narayan Chandel as new legislative party leader

    Chhattisgarh Bharatiya Janata Party on Wednesday appointed its three-time MLA Narayan Chandel as the new legislative party leader in the state assembly, replacing Dharamlal Kaushik. Both Chandel (57) and Kaushik (64) were from Other Backward Class community, which comprises about 45% of the state’s population. The decision was taken in a meeting of MLAs on Wednesday afternoon in which in-charge D Purandeswari was also present.

  • Madhya Pradesh man, 3 daughters found dead on railway track

    A 35-year-old man and his three daughters, aged between seven and 12, were found dead on a railway track at Naikhedi in Madhya Pradesh’s Ujjain. Government railway police officer RS Mahajan said that the man left home on a motorbike on Wednesday morning to drop his three daughters to school. “…around 9.30am, their bodies were found on the railway track. Packets of snacks and school bags were also found.”

  • Gujarat: ATS recovers 225kg of mephedrone worth 1,125cr; six detained

    In a major drug haul, Gujarat’s anti-terrorist squad officials seized 225kg of mephedrone worth ₹1,125crore, during a raid at an under-construction factory near Vadodara city on Tuesday and detained six people in connection with the matter. The factory in Vadodara is owned by Surat-based Mahesh Vaishnav and Vadodara-based Piyush Patel, said superintendent of police, Sunil Joshi, Gujarat ATS. The plant in Bharuch is owned by Rakesh Makani, Vijay Vasoya and Dilip Vaghasia, he added.

  • Bengaluru civic body bars sale of meat, animal killing on Janmashtami

    The Bengaluru civic body on Wednesday issued an order prohibiting animal slaughter and sale of meat on Krishna Janmashtami on August 19 (Friday). This year’s Janmashtami will be the 5,249th birth anniversary of Lord Krishna and will be celebrated between August 18 – 19 as Krishna was born at midnight.

  • Terrorist killed after snatching cop’s rifle near Jammu: J&K Police

    A terrorist was killed after he snatched the rifle of a constable and fired at a police party during the recovery of hidden weapons along the India-Pakistan border near Jammu late on Wednesday, a police officer said. Additional director general of police Mukesh Singh said the constable and the Pakistani terrorist Mohammad Ali Hussain, who was lodged in Jammu’s Kot Bhalwal Jail, were injured during the recovery operation.

How chewing shaped human evolution | Technology News – The Indian Express

Humans spend about 35 minutes every day chewing. That adds up to more than a full week out of every year. But that’s nothing compared with the time spent masticating by our cousins: Chimps chew for 4.5 hours a day, and orangutans clock 6.6 hours.

The differences between our chewing habits and those of our closest relatives offer insights into human evolution. A study published Wednesday in the journal Science Advances explores how much energy people use while chewing, and how that may have guided — or been guided by — our gradual transformation into modern humans.

Chewing, in addition to keeping us from choking, makes the energy and nutrients in food accessible to the digestive system. But the very act of chewing requires us to expend energy. Adaptations to teeth, jaws and muscles all play a part in how efficiently humans chew.

Adam van Casteren, an author of the new study and a research associate at the University of Manchester in England, said that scientists haven’t delved too deeply into the energetic costs of chewing partly because compared with other things we do, such as walking or running, it’s a thin slice of the energy-use pie. But even comparatively small advantages can play a big role in evolution, and he wanted to find out if that might be the case with chewing.

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To measure the energy that goes into chewing, van Casteren and his colleagues outfitted study participants with plastic hoods that look like “an astronaut’s helmet,” he said. The hoods were connected to tubes to measure oxygen and carbon dioxide from breathing. Because metabolic processes are fueled by oxygen and produce carbon dioxide, gas exchange can be a useful measure for how much energy something takes. The researchers then gave the subjects gum.

The participants didn’t get the sugary kind, though; the gum bases they chewed were flavorless and odorless. Digestive systems respond to flavors and scents, so the researchers wanted to make sure they were only measuring the energy associated with chewing and not the energy of a stomach gearing up for a tasty meal.

The test subjects chewed two pieces of gum, one hard and one soft, for 15 minutes each. The results surprised researchers. The softer gum raised the participants’ metabolic rates about 10% higher than when they were resting; the harder gum caused a 15% increase.


“I thought there wasn’t going to be as big a difference,” van Casteren said. “Very small changes in the material properties of the item you’re chewing can cause quite substantial increases in energy expenditure, and that opens up a whole universe of questions.”

An undated photo provided by Amanda Henry shows a researcher measuring the chewing muscles of their subject with an ultrasound wand. Spending less time on mastication may go hand in hand with human evolution. (Image credit: Amanda Henry via The New York Times)

Because chewing tougher food — or in this case, tougher gum — takes significantly more energy, these findings suggest that the metabolic costs of chewing may have played an important role in our evolution. Making food easier to process through cooking, mashing food with tools and growing crops optimized for eating might have dialed down the evolutionary pressure for us to be super-chewers. Our evolving chewing needs may have even shaped what our faces look like.

“One thing that we haven’t really been able to figure out is why the human skull is so funny-looking,” said Justin Ledogar, a biological anthropologist at East Tennessee State University, who was not involved with the study. Compared with our closest relatives, our facial skeletons are delicately built with jaws, teeth and chewing muscles that are all relatively small. “All this reflects a reduced reliance on forceful chewing,” he said.


But he added that our flatter faces and shorter jaws let us bite more efficiently. “It makes the whole process of feeding just metabolically less costly,” Ledogar said. Humans developed ways to chew smarter, not harder. Van Casteren, who hopes to continue his research using actual foods, said he’s excited by the prospect of learning more about how humans evolved.

“To know about the environmental and societal and dietary causes that led us to get here, it’s just infinitely interesting to me,” he said, because it enables humankind to “try and work out the foggy road ahead.”

This article originally appeared in The New York Times.

Monkeypox Vaccines “Not 100% Effective”, Says WHO – NDTV

The WHO has said that vaccines against monkeypox are not 100 per cent effective.


Vaccines against monkeypox are not 100 per cent effective and that is why, people must reduce their own risks of infection, WHO technical lead Rosamund Lewis said on Wednesday.

This comes as more than 35,000 cases of monkeypox have been reported worldwide across more than 92 countries and 12 deaths have been attributed to the disease.

Addressing a press briefing, Lewis said that WHO is “not expecting a 100 per cent efficacy” for these vaccines for the prevention of monkeypox.

“We don’t have the exact information… it reminds us that vaccine is not a silver bullet? That every person who feels that they are at risk and appreciates the level of risk and wishes to lower their risk have many interventions at their disposal, which includes vaccination where available, but also includes protection from activities, where they may be at risk,” she said.

WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that almost 7,500 cases were reported last week, which is a 20 per cent increase over the previous week.

The WHO chief also said that most of the monkeypox cases are being reported from Europe and the Americas -among men who have sex with men.

“More than 35,000 cases of monkeypox have now been reported to WHO, from 92 countries and territories, with 12 deaths. Almost 7,500 cases were reported last week, a 20 per cent increase over the previous week, which was also 20 per cent more than the week before,” he said during a media briefing.

Back in July, Mr Tedros announced that the global monkeypox outbreak represents a public health emergency of international concern.

Most people usually recover from monkeypox within a few weeks without treatment. The symptoms are initially flu-like, such as fever, chills, and swollen lymph nodes, which are then followed by a widespread rash. According to the WHO, the disease can be more severe in young children, pregnant women, and individuals who are immunocompromised.

The monkeypox virus is not easily transmitted and usually spreads through close physical contact, including sexual contact, with an infected individual.

The virus can enter a human body through broken skin, the respiratory tract, eyes, nose and mouth, and via bodily fluids. Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease. It originates in animals like rodents and primates and occurs in remote parts of Central and West Africa.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

Asteroid thrice the size of an aeroplane to pass right by Earth on August 22: NASA – CNBCTV18

By  IST (Published)


The asteroid, named Asteroid 2020 QW3, will miss the Earth just by a few million miles. US space agency has classified Asteroid 2020 QW3 as a potentially hazardous asteroid.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has revealed that a huge asteroid, about 92 feet wide, will have a close encounter with the Earth on August 22. The asteroid, named Asteroid 2020 QW3, will miss the Earth just by a few million miles. The speed of the asteroid during the predicted incident would be 64,800 kmph.

The US space agency has confirmed that there is no possibility of the asteroid, which is three times the size of an aeroplane, colliding with the Earth. Nonetheless, it has classified Asteroid 2020 QW3 as a potentially hazardous asteroid due to the proximity of its predicted encounter with the Earth.


Just like the Earth, Asteroid 2020 QW3 also orbits the Sun. It takes 732 days for this asteroid to complete an orbit. Its distance from the Sun is 321 million kilometres, according to Meanwhile, the asteroid’s distance from the Earth is estimated at 8.96 million kilometres. In the past few years, several asteroids from the Apollo group have flown past the Earth. However, Asteroid 2020 QW3 is from the Amor group.

Asteroids are rocky celestial objects that orbit the Sun. They are smaller compared to planets. According to experts, in the event of an asteroid hitting the Earth, there could be significant damage. The possible outcomes of an asteroid colliding with the Earth could be — shock waves, heat radiation, formation of craters with associated earthquakes, and tsunamis (if water bodies are hit).

Given this threat, NASA is working on a mission — Double Asteroid Detection Test (DART) — to prepare itself for such a possibility. The space agency would try to deflect the asteroid by smashing a spacecraft into it at a speed of 23,000 kmph if it feels that Earth may suffer a hit.

“Took Him To 7 Hospitals, Couldn’t Save Him”: Family On Dalit Boy Killing – NDTV

The boy’s death has triggered a political crisis for Rajasthan’s Congress government.


A little boy’s garlanded photo, surrounded by his grieving family at his home in Rajasthan, illustrates the unspeakable tragedy of caste discrimination in parts of the country.

On July 20, the nine-year-old Dalit boy in Rajasthan’s Jalore, a Class 3 student, made the “mistake” of drinking from a pitcher meant for upper castes. His teacher thrashed him for touching the pitcher, so badly that he was left practically immobile, with severe wounds in his eye and ear.

“We found out at 4 pm. His limbs were not working,” said his uncle at the Surana village around 250 km from Jodhpur.

“We took him to seven hospitals, but no one could treat him. We finally took him to Ahmedabad, where he died on August 13,” he told NDTV.

The final count was seven hospitals across five cities over 15 days.

The family claims they wanted to wait until all relatives arrived, but the state administration forced them into a quick funeral. “We were lathi-charged, we were injured,” said the uncle.

The family is now fighting what it calls a lie put out by the school, that the boy was beaten because he was fighting with a classmate.

“The headmaster is wrong. There was no fight between boys – it was only about the matka (water pitcher). They (the school) are obviously under pressure from the Thakurs (upper castes). They say he had a previous ear injury. That’s a lie,” said the boy’s relative.

The school where the incident took place can barely be called one, because it has classrooms. There are no tables or chairs. Students sit on the bare floor.

Suresh Kumar, who is the new in-charge, insists that what went down was completely unrelated to caste. Two boys were fighting over a book, he claims, and the headmaster, Shail Singh, beat both.

School officials point towards a large water tank that they claim every student drinks from. There is no separate pitcher for anybody, they claim.

A closer look reveals fresh cement around the taps on the water tank, hinting that these were recently installed.

Suresh Kumar also claims that there are four Dalit teachers in the school, and that there is no divide. Despite those words, it is evident that the upper castes – there are more of them in the village – are dominant in the area.

The boy’s death has triggered a political crisis for Rajasthan’s Congress government led by Ashok Gehlot.

Mr Gehlot has promised tough action, announced Rs 20 lakh compensation and free education for two other children in the family.

Complete Reluctance On Polices Part: Delhi High Court Orders FIR Against BJP Leader Syed Shahnawaz… – Live Law – Indian Legal News

The Delhi High Court has ordered registration of FIR against BJP leader Syed Shahnawaz Hussain in an alleged 2018 rape case observing that there was a complete reluctance on the part of city police to register the same.

Justice Asha Menon directed that the investigation in the matter be completed and a detailed report under Section 173 CrPC be submitted before the MM within a period of three months.

The Court dismissed the petition filed by the former Union Minister challenging the order of the Special Judge dated July 12, 2018 which had dismissed his revision petition against the orders of the Metropolitan Magistrate directing registration of FIR.

A complaint against Hussain was filed in June 2018, alleging commission of offences under Sections 376, 328, 120B and 506 IPC. The complainant later filed an application under Section 156(3) CrPC, seeking directions to the city Police for the registration of FIR.

An action taken report (ATR) was filed by the city Police on 4th July, 2018 before the MM concluding that as per the inquiry, the allegations raised by the complainant were not found to be substantiated.

It was Hussain’s case that despite the receipt of ATR, the MM directed registration of an FIR. This order was upheld by the Special Judge which observed that the Criminal Amendment Act of 2013 had made it mandatory for the Police to record the statement of the victim in rape cases. Moreover, with regard to the registration of the FIR, it was concluded that the inquiry which had been made was only a preliminary inquiry and the MM had rightly not treated the ATR as a cancellation report.

In appeal, the High Court observed that the complaint sent to the Commissioner of Police clearly disclosed the commission of the cognizable offence of rape after administration of a “stupefying substance”. It also said that when the complaint was forwarded to the SHO, he was obligated under law to register the FIR.

“In the present case, there seems to be a complete reluctance on the part of the police to even register an FIR. In the absence of the FIR, at best, the police could have, as correctly observed by the learned Special Judge, conducted only what is a preliminary inquiry. The very fact that it was only a reply that was filed by the police before the learned MM, sufficiently establishes that it was not a final report that was submitted by the police,” the Court said.

It added “The FIR only puts the machinery into operation. It is a foundation for investigation of the offence complained of. It is only after investigations that the police can come to the conclusion whether or not an offence had been committed and if so by whom.”

The Court directed that the police, on completing investigation, will have to submit a report under Section 173 CrPC in the prescribed format.

It added that the MM would proceed in accordance with law to determine whether to accept the final report to either proceed with the case by taking cognizance or by holding that no case was disclosed and cancel the FI.R after granting a hearing to the complainant in accordance with law.


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Can a bowler bandage his bleeding finger and bowl? Have a crack at BCCI umpires exam that stumped 137 of 140 candidates. – The Indian Express

Here are some of the 37 questions (and answers) candidates were asked in the Board of Control for Cricket in India’s level-2 exam for umpires last month in Ahmedabad. Clearing the exam makes umpires eligible to officiate in women’s and junior matches categorised as Group D. Only three out of the 140 candidates made the cut.

1) In a women’s one-day match reduced to 42 overs per side after the start, when can the batting side ask for its powerplay?

Ans: They must ask for powerplay so that the 40th over is the last over of the power play.

2) A batsman is caught near the boundary after he has crossed for one run. The no-ball check reveals that it is a no-ball. How many runs will you allow? Who will face the next ball?

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Ans: Only one run for no-ball. The non-striker will face the next ball.

3) The umpire at the bowler’s end finds that whilst the bowler is delivering the ball the towel attached to the back of his trouser falls off and dislodges a bail. Is there anything the umpire should do?

Ans: He shall call and signal no-ball.

4) You are satisfied that a player has a genuine injury on the index finger of his bowling hand and removing the tape will result in bleeding. Will you still ask him to remove the protective tape while bowling?


Ans: Yes, he will have to remove the tape if he wants to bowl.

(As per previous playing conditions)

(Now in case of on field injury during play and if blood is involved taping may be allowed).

5) Toss is delayed due to rain in a T20 match. Match is now reduced to 7 overs a side. How many minutes of allowance will both the sides be credited with?

Ans: 4 minutes each.


6) What will you do if the shadow of pavilion, tree or fielders start falling on the pitch and the batsman start complaining?

Ans: Shadow of pavilion or tree to be disregarded.

Shadow of fielder – ask him to remain stationary till the striker plays the ball. If he moves, call dead ball.

7) A women’s one-day match starts at 9.00 AM and the first innings ends at 11.05 AM. Rearrange the timings of the remaining sessions.

Ans: Innings Interval from 11.05 to 11.15.

Second innings

11.15 to 12.10

Scheduled Interval between innings

12.10 to 12.55

Second innings to continue from

12.55 to 3.10 pm

8) In a 3-day match, at the start of play on day 2, fielding captain informs you that a nominated player was hit by the ball on the head in early morning practice and has suffered an injury. He needs to know whether a concussion replacement can be allowed for injured fielder. What will be your answer?

Ans: No. A concussion replacement is not allowed in this case as injury has not happened on the playing area during play.

9) For which calls by umpires there are no signals?

Ans: Play



*Not out


10) You have been posted for a double header of T-20 matches. After the end of the first match, groundsmen want to water the pitch before the start of next match. Will you allow? Justify your call?

Ans: Yes. Because before the match the Ground Authority shall be responsible for the selection and preparation of the match pitch.


11) A fair delivery bowled by a spinner, striker steps out and misses the ball. Silly point fielder extends his hand over the pitch, collects the ball and breaks the wickets when striker is out of his ground, on appeal, what will be your decision?

Ans: Not out.

Because as soon as the fielder touches the ball the umpire shall call and signal No ball and immediately call and signal Dead ball.


12) The striker hits a fair delivery which lodges in the helmet of the short-leg fielder. Because of the impact, the helmet comes off the fielder’s head and the ball is still stuck in the helmet. 1) The helmet falls on the ground 2) the fielder catches it before it falls on the ground. On appeal what is your decision?

Ans: Not Out

13) A fielder who was hit by a ball in the previous match asks your permission to go out as he is still feeling the effects of the blow.

Will you

a- Allow him to go out.

b- Allow substitute for him.

c-Treat his time out as Penalty time.

d-Allow a concussion substitute for him if a request is made to you, as match referee for the match has not been able to come for the match.

Ans: a)Yes




14) During the last hour of the match, with numbers 10 & 11 trying to draw the match, a black cloud appears overhead, causing play to stop. To save time, the players remain on field till the cloud passes. It takes 5 minutes for the match to restart. The number 11 asks you for one over to be reduced from the remaining mandatory overs. Will you agree? Why?

Ans: Yes because when there is an interruption during the last hour of the match one over shall be deducted for every complete 4 minutes of playing time lost.

15) What do you understand by ‘like for like’?

Ans: Like for like meaning the players having the similar abilities. For example fast bowler replacing the fast bowler or batter replacing the batter.

*Like for like replacement is allowed in case of Concussion or Covid replacement so that inclusion of replacement player shall not excessively advantage the player’s team.

16) What will you examine, if the fielding side captain requests you for a ball change in a one day match.

Ans: Whether the ball has become wet or soggy as a result of play continuing in inclement weather or it being affected by dew or whether the white ball has become significantly discolored and become unfit for play or whether it has become unfit for play through normal use then in that case the umpires will change the ball otherwise they will give clear instructions that the game should continue with the same ball.

*In case of ball becoming wet the umpires should try to dry the ball vigorously with particular attention to the seam so examine seam if it’s dry then bowlers can have reasonable hold and game can continue despite leather being wet.

17) What will be the number of overs per bowler allowed in case of following a) One day match reduced to 35 overs after the start, when the t opening bowlers have already bowled 10 overs each. b) T20 match in which second innings is reduced to 5 overs

Ans: a) Now only two bowlers can bowl maximum 7 overs

b) 2 , 2, 1

(Or No bowler can bowl more than 2 overs)

18) After finishing a multi day match you are posted for a Women’s One day match. What are the additional markings you are likely to find at the ground and how are they marked?

Ans: *Wide guidelines markings 17 inches inside the return creases on either side at both ends.

*25.15 yards circle. Two semi circles shall be drawn on the field which shall have their centers as the middle stumps at either end having radius of 25.15 yards. The two semi circles shall be joined by two parallel straight white painted continuous lines or dots at 5 yard intervals and each of these dots to be covered by white plastic or rubber disc.

*Boundary markings minimum 55 yards and maximum 70 yards.

19) In a multi day match, after being on the field for 30 minutes after Lunch, you suddenly notice that the fielder who had gone out before Lunch due to illness is standing at slips. On inquiry you are told that he had returned when the play resumed after Lunch. Meanwhile, the batsmen come to you and ask for 15 penalty runs as the same fielder has fielded the balls three times since Lunch. How would you handle the situation?

Ans: *Call and signal dead ball if necessary and take possession of the ball and then inform the other umpire.

*We together will then summon the concerned player, the captain of his side and warn him that this is unfair.

*Give him final warning

*If any such unfair action not covered by laws is repeated in the match 5 penalty runs will be awarded to opposing team.

*We will then report the matter after match.

*No penalties will be awarded to batting side at this time.

*Add these 30 minutes to his unserved penalty time as if he came just when you saw him.

20) How many runs will you allow in the following cases:

a) The last ball of the over is intentionally deflected by the Striker with his pad and the fine leg fielder fields the ball with his cap

b) A fielder kicks the ball beyond the boundary line when the batsmen have completed two runs

c) The fielder at the square leg fence fields the ball along the ground but drops the ball accidentally beyond the boundary line in his attempt to throw the ball back to WK. The batsmen have just crossed for the second run.


a)5 penalty runs

b)6 runs

c)6 runs

21) In a BCCI match when can the on-field umpires seek the assistance/guidance/involvement of the match referee? (Write any six)


1)He can refer stumping, hit wicket or run out

2)He can consult when he is not sure whether it’s a No ball.

3)The umpires will consult and involve match referee when they have to decide to call off or suspend play or whether to start or restart play.

4)When the pitch is dangerous or unreasonable for play to continue then umpires and match referee together decide whether existing pitch to be repaired or new pitch is to be used or whether match is to be abandoned.

5)In case of an interrupted match to decide the interval duration in case of One day or T20 match

6)In case any action by a player or players might constitute a refusal to play by either side then umpires shall inform match referee and together they will decide whether this action constitutes refusal to play and after consultation with umpires he takes appropriate action.

35) Calculate whether the fielding team has complied with the over rate requirements for the innings. Total time for the innings 480 minutes Total overs bowled – 103.3 Time notings by the umpires Drinks: 4 occasions (one of them took 5 minutes as the umpire had to attend an urgent nature’s call). Wickets falling: 8 Wickets falling at the stroke of a scheduled interval: 1 At the fall of 4th wicket, batsman sought medical attention which took 3 minutes. Ball retrieval: 4 minutes. Time wasted: 3 minutes by fielding team’s batsmen during their team’s batting, Change of equipment by batsmen: 4 minutes.

Ans: 6 overs short.

36) A four day match in which there is no play on the first day, is interrupted from 11.38 am to 11.55 am on day two, 13.45 to 14.30 on day three and 14.30 to 15.50 on day four (60.2 overs bowled). Calculate the number of overs and session timings on the match days and timings for the last hour to start.

Ans: Day 1 – No play

Day 2 -30 min to be added so

-Tea will be from 3.10 to 3.30 and Cessation 5.00

– Min. overs 98

*Now on day 2 Interruption for 17 minutes (11.38 to 11.55) so Cessation time will be 5.17 pm and Min. overs 98 itself

Day 3- 30 min to be added so

-Tea from 3.10 to 3.30 and Cessation time 5.00

-Min. overs 98

*Now interruption on Day 3 from 1.45 pm 2.30pm for 45 min so 30 min will be made up and 15 min will be lost.

– Rescheduled cessation time will be 5.30 pm

-Min. Overs 98-3= 95 overs

(15 min lost/4=3 overs lost )

Day 4 – 30 min will be added so

-Tea 2.55 to 3.15

-Cessation time 4.45 pm

(Last hour 3.45 to 4.45)

-Min overs 98

*Interruption 2.30 to 3.50pm( Overs bowled 60.2 )

A 2.30

B 22 overs

C 88 min

D 30 min

E 3.45

F 4.15

G 20 min

H 4.48

I 4.48

J 3.50

Case A

K 30

L 7

M 15 overs + 4 balls

# Last hour will then start later of 4.15 pm or after 4 balls and 15 overs are bowled.

37) A one day match is interrupted at 12.00 noon with 41 overs bowled. Umpires decide to restart the game at 13.35 with the referee allowing for a 10 minute break between the innings. The innings of the team batting first overruns by 12 minutes. A further interruption takes place from 15.00 pm to 15.15 pm. Calculate the number of overs per side, overs per bowler and power play overs for both the interruptions.

*1st interruption from 12.00 to 1.35 after 41 overs

-Table 2

P 1.35

Q 4.45

R 190

S 46

T 41

S is greater than T so revert back to table 1

-Table 1

A 420

B 180

C 95

D nil

E 35

F 60

G 360

H 85.71

I 43

Rescheduled Playing hours

J 1.35

K 181

L 1.36

M 10 min

N 1.46

O 4.47

*1st innings overran by 12 min means it will end at 1.48 pm

*Interval time will be 1.48 to 1.58 pm

*2nd innings 1.58 to 4.59

*Interruption 2 from 3.00 to 3.15 pm

Table 4

A 1.58

B 3.00

C 62 min

D 3.15

E 15 min

F nil

G 15

– Overs

H 43 overs

I 3 overs

J 40 overs

K 168 min

L 5.01 pm

RBI moots charges on payment systems; GPay, PhonePe transactions likely to be affected – Onmanorama

Mumbai: The Reserve Bank on Wednesday sought views from the public on fees and charges in payment systems, with an aim to make such transactions affordable as well as economically remunerative for the entities involved.

The payment systems include Immediate Payment Service (IMPS), National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) system, Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system and Unified Payments Interface (UPI). Debit cards, credit cards and Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs) are among the other payment instruments.

The focus of RBI’s initiatives in the payment systems has been to ease frictions which may arise from systemic, procedural or revenue-related issues, the central bank said while releasing a discussion paper on ‘Charges in Payment Systems’.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has sought public views on 40 specific questions with regard to charges and levies in payment systems by October 3.

While there are many intermediaries in the payments transaction chain, consumer complaints are generally about high and non-transparent charges.

RBI stressed that charges for payment services should be reasonable and competitively determined for the users, and also provide optimal revenue stream for the intermediaries.

“To ensure this balance, it was considered useful to carry out a comprehensive review of the various charges levied in the payment systems by highlighting different dimensions and seeking stakeholder feedback,” it said.

Charges in a payment system are the costs imposed by the Payment Service Providers (PSPs) on the users (originators or beneficiaries), for facilitating a digital transaction. The charges are recovered from the originators or the beneficiaries depending on the type of payment system.

In a funds transfer payment system, the charges are generally recovered from the originator of the payment instruction. These are usually levied as an add-on to the amount earmarked for remittance.

In the case of a merchant payment system, the charges are generally recovered from the final recipient of money (merchant). This is generally done by deducting the same from the amount receivable by the merchant or a discount to the amount receivable by the merchant.

Entities involved in providing digital payment services incur costs, which are generally recovered from the merchant or the customer or is borne by one or more of the participants.

While there are both advantages and disadvantages of customers bearing these charges, they should be reasonable and should not become a deterrent in the adoption of digital payments, the RBI had said earlier.

Centre blocks 7 Indian, 1 Pakistani YouTube channels for promoting ‘fake anti-India content’ – The Indian Express

The Centre Thursday blocked eight YouTube channels, seven Indian and one from Pakistan, one Facebook account, and two Facebook posts for promoting fake news against the country.

The blocked channels had a cumulative viewership of over 114 crore, were subscribed by over 85 lakh users, a statement by the Union Ministry of Information & Broadcasting read.

The YouTube channels that were blocked include Loktantra Tv (12.90 lakh subscribers), U&V TV (10.20 lakh subscribers), AM Razvi (95, 900 subscribers), Gouravshali Pawan Mithilanchal (7 lakh subscribers), Sarkari Update (80,900 subscribers) and Sab Kuch Dekho (19.40 lakh subscribers) — all based out of India, while the Pakistan-based channel was News ki Dunya with 97,000 subscribers.

According to the Ministry, the purpose of the content published by some of these YouTube channels was to spread hatred among religious communities in India. “False claims were made in various videos of the blocked YouTube channels. Examples include spreading fake news such as the government ordering demolition of religious structures; banning celebration of religious festivals, and declaration of religious war in India,” the statement said.

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It added: “Such content was found to have the potential to create communal disharmony and disturb public order in the country, said the Ministry, who utilised the emergency powers under the IT Rules, 2021, and issued orders for blocking the content on August 16. The YouTube channels also used to post fake news on various subjects such as the Indian Armed Forces, Jammu & Kashmir, the statement said, adding that the content was observed to be completely false and sensitive from the perspective of national security and India’s friendly relations with foreign states.”

Accordingly, the content was covered within the ambit of section 69A of the Information Technology Act, 2000. The blocked Indian YouTube channels were observed to be using fake and sensational thumbnails, images of news anchors and logos of certain TV news channels to mislead the viewers to believe that the news was authentic, the Ministry said.

All the YouTube channels blocked by the Ministry were displaying advertisements on their videos having false content detrimental to communal harmony, public order and India’s foreign relations.


Since December 2021, the Ministry has issued directions for blocking of 102 YouTube-based news channels and several other social media accounts.

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